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Sickle Cell Anaemia

Today happens to be the world sickle cell day. A very displeasing disease caused by the parent of the affected patient because of the negligence or ignorance of the parent to know their genotype before they start making babies.

Sickle cell is an hereditary disease which result in the abnormal shape of the hemoglobin in the red-blood cell. In this condition they are insufficient  healthy red blood cell. Normally the red blood cells are flexible and round with the ability to move freely through your blood vessels. In the case of the sickle cell the shape looks like a crescent moon or a sickle for harvesting in the farm.

 Sickle

They become sticky and rigid and block small blood vessels thereby obstructing somebody part from getting oxygenated. The block in the blood vessels cause some pains called sickle cell crisis (SCC).This pain sometimes last for hours or days depending on the patient. Some could experience lots of crisis in a year and some could be hospitalize because of the crisis.






The normal lifespan of red blood cell is about 120 days but for sickle cell it is just 20 days, which hinder the hemoglobin the oxygen carrying protein found in the red blood cell from transporting oxygen to the body thereby hindering the production of energy to the body through respiratory Kreb cycle leading to stunted growth.

 The world Sickle cell day was first celebrated in 19th June 2009 by the United Nation. This was done to create an awareness about the disease.  The pain in which the parents of Sickle Cell patients caused them could have been spared if they were properly guided before choosing to get married. According to genetics technology, they are three major genes that could be responsible for Sickle Cell which are generally called genotype. They are the AA, AS, and SS. Those with SS genes are those affected with Sickle cell anaemia, people with the AS genes are carriers while those with AA are non carriers. The Carriers (AS) in order to avoid chances of giving birth to a sickle cell patient, they should do everything humanly possible not to mate with a carrier or a sickle cell patient. Love could be blind but reasonable and un-blinded love stand the test of time ease pain.

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